17:1And the Philistines assembled their armies to battle, and were gathered together at Sochoh, which belongs to Judah, and encamped between Sochoh and Azekah, in Ephesdammim.
17:2And Saul and the men of Israel were gathered together, and encamped in the valley of terebinths, and set the battle in array against the Philistines.
17:4And there went out a champion from the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, of Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span.
17:5And he had a helmet of bronze upon his head, and he was clothed with a corselet of scales; and the weight of the corselet was five thousand shekels of bronze.
17:6And he had greaves of bronze upon his legs, and a javelin of bronze between his shoulders.
17:7And the shaft of his spear was like a weaver's beam; and his spear's head weighed six hundred shekels of iron; and the shield-bearer went before him.
17:8And he stood and cried to the ranks of Israel, and said to them, Why are ye come out to set your battle in array? am not I the Philistine, and ye servants of Saul? choose for yourselves a man, and let him come down to me.
17:9If he be able to fight with me, and to smite me, then will we be your servants; but if I overcome and smite him, then shall ye be our servants and serve us.
17:10And the Philistine said, I have defied the ranks of Israel this day; give me a man, that we may fight together.
17:11And Saul and all Israel heard these words of the Philistine, and they were dismayed and greatly afraid.
17:12Now David was the son of that Ephrathite of Bethlehem-Judah whose name was Jesse; and he had eight sons; and the man was old in the days of Saul, advanced in years among men.
17:13And the three eldest of the sons of Jesse had gone and followed Saul to the battle; and the names of his three sons that went to the battle were Eliab the firstborn, and the second to him Abinadab, and the third Shammah.
17:14And David was the youngest; and the three eldest had followed Saul.
17:15But David went and returned from Saul to feed his father's sheep at Bethlehem.
17:16And the Philistine drew near morning and evening, and presented himself forty days.
17:17And Jesse said to David his son, Take, I pray, for thy brethren, this ephah of parched corn and these ten loaves, and carry them quickly to the camp to thy brethren;
17:18and carry these ten cheeses to the captain of the thousand, and visit thy brethren to see how they are, and take a pledge of them.
17:19Now Saul, and they, and all the men of Israel were in the valley of terebinths, fighting against the Philistines.
17:20And David rose up early in the morning, and left the sheep with a keeper, and took his charge and went, as Jesse had commanded him. And he came to the wagon-defence; and the host which was going forth to the battle-array shouted for the fight.
17:21And Israel and the Philistines put the battle in array, rank against rank.
17:22And David left the things he was carrying in the hand of the keeper of the baggage, and ran into the ranks, and came and saluted his brethren.
17:23And as he talked with them, behold there came up the champion, the Philistine of Gath, Goliath by name, out of the ranks of the Philistines, and spoke according to the same words; and David heard them.
17:24And all the men of Israel, when they saw the man, fled from him and were greatly afraid.
17:25And the men of Israel said, Have ye seen this man that comes up? for to defy Israel is he come up: and it shall be, that the man who smites him, him will the king enrich with great riches, and will give him his daughter, and make his father's house free in Israel.
17:26And David spoke to the men that stood by him, saying, What shall be done to the man that smites this Philistine, and takes away the reproach from Israel? for who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God?
17:27And the people told him after this manner, saying, So shall it be done to the man that smites him.
17:28And Eliab, his eldest brother, heard while he spoke to the men; and Eliab's anger was kindled against David, and he said, Why art thou come down? and with whom hast thou left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know thy pride and the naughtiness of thy heart; for thou art come down that thou mightest see the battle.
17:29And David said, What have I now done? Was it not laid upon me?
17:30And he turned from him to another, and spoke after the same manner; and the people answered him again after the former manner.
17:31And the words were heard which David spoke, and they rehearsed them before Saul; and he sent for him.
17:32And David said to Saul, Let no man's heart fail because of him: thy servant will go and fight with this Philistine.
17:33And Saul said to David, Thou art not able to go against this Philistine to fight with him; for thou art but a youth, and he a man of war from his youth.
17:34And David said to Saul, Thy servant fed his father's sheep, and there came a lion, and also a bear, and took a lamb out of the flock.
17:35And I went after him, and smote him, and delivered it out of his mouth; and when he arose against me, I seized him by his beard, and smote him, and slew him.
17:36Thy servant smote both the lion and the bear; and this uncircumcised Philistine shall be as one of them, because he has defied the armies of the living God.
17:37And David said, Jehovah who delivered me out of the paw of the lion and out of the paw of the bear, he will deliver me out of the hand of this Philistine. And Saul said to David, Go, and Jehovah be with thee.
17:38And Saul clothed David with his dress, and put a helmet of bronze upon his head, and clothed him with a corselet.
17:39And David girded his sword upon his dress, and endeavoured to go; for he had not yet tried it. And David said to Saul, I cannot go in these; for I have never tried them. And David put them off him.
17:40And he took his staff in his hand, and chose him five smooth stones out of the brook, and put them in the shepherd's bag that he had, into the pocket; and his sling was in his hand. And he drew near to the Philistine.
17:41And the Philistine came on and approached David; and the man that bore the shield was before him.
17:42And when the Philistine looked about and saw David, he disdained him; for he was a youth, and ruddy, and besides of a beautiful countenance.
17:43And the Philistine said to David, Am I a dog, that thou comest to me with staves? And the Philistine cursed David by his gods.
17:44And the Philistine said to David, Come to me, and I will give thy flesh to the fowls of the heavens and to the beasts of the field.
17:45And David said to the Philistine, Thou comest to me with sword, and with spear, and with javelin; but I come to thee in the name of Jehovah of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom thou hast defied.
17:46This day will Jehovah deliver thee up into my hand; and I will smite thee, and take thy head from thee; and I will give the carcases of the camp of the Philistines this day to the fowl of the heavens and to the wild beasts of the earth. And all the earth shall know that Israel has a God;
17:47and all this congregation shall know that Jehovah saves not with sword and spear; for the battle is Jehovah's, and he will give you into our hands.
17:48And it came to pass, when the Philistine arose, and came and advanced to meet David, that David hasted, and ran towards the ranks to meet the Philistine.
17:49And David put his hand into the bag, and took thence a stone, and slang it, and smote the Philistine in his forehead, and the stone sank into his forehead; and he fell on his face to the earth.
17:50So David overcame the Philistine with a sling and a stone, and smote the Philistine and killed him; and there was no sword in the hand of David.
17:51And David ran, and stood upon the Philistine, and took his sword, and drew it out of its sheath, and killed him completely, and cut off his head with it. And when the Philistines saw that their hero was dead, they fled.
17:52And the men of Israel and of Judah arose, and shouted, and pursued the Philistines, until thou comest to the ravine and to the gates of Ekron. And the wounded of the Philistines fell down on the way to Shaaraim, even to Gath, and to Ekron.
17:53And the children of Israel returned from chasing after the Philistines, and they pillaged their camps.
17:54And David took the head of the Philistine and brought it to Jerusalem; but he put his armour in his tent.
17:55And when Saul saw David go forth against the Philistine, he said to Abner, the captain of the host, Abner, whose son is this young man? And Abner said, As thy soul liveth, O king, I cannot tell.
17:56And the king said, Inquire thou whose son this youth is.
17:57And as David returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, Abner took him, and brought him before Saul with the head of the Philistine in his hand.
17:58And Saul said to him, Whose son art thou, young man? And David said, I am the son of thy servant Jesse the Beth-lehemite.
18:1And it came to pass, when he had ended speaking to Saul, that the soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul.
18:2And Saul took him that day, and would not let him return to his father's house.
18:3And Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul.
18:4And Jonathan stripped himself of the robe that was upon him, and gave it to David, and his dress, even to his sword, and to his bow, and to his girdle.
18:6And it came to pass as they came, when David returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, that the women came out of all the cities of Israel, singing and dancing, to meet king Saul, with tambours, with joy, and with triangles.
18:7And the women answered one another as they played, and said, Saul hath smitten his thousands, And David his ten thousands.
18:8And Saul was very wroth, and that saying was evil in his sight; and he said, They have ascribed to David ten thousands, but to me they have ascribed the thousands; and what is there more for him but the kingdom?
18:9And Saul eyed David from that day and forward.
18:10And it came to pass the next day that an evil spirit from God came upon Saul, and he prophesied in the midst of the house, but David played with his hand, as on other days; and the spear was in Saul's hand.
18:12And Saul was afraid of David, because Jehovah was with him, and had departed from Saul.
18:13And Saul removed him from him, and made him his captain over a thousand; and he went out and came in before the people.
18:15And Saul saw that he prospered well, and he stood in awe of him.
18:16But all Israel and Judah loved David, for he went out and came in before them.
18:17And Saul said to David, Behold my eldest daughter Merab, her will I give thee to wife; only be thou valiant for me, and fight Jehovah's battles. But Saul thought, My hand shall not be upon him, but the hand of the Philistines shall be upon him.
18:18And David said to Saul, Who am I? and what is my life, or my father's family in Israel, that I should be son-in-law to the king?
18:19And it came to pass at the time when Merab Saul's daughter should have been given to David, that she was given to Adriel the Meholathite as wife.
18:20And Michal Saul's daughter loved David; and they told Saul, and the thing was right in his sight.
18:21And Saul said, I will give him her, that she may be a snare to him, and that the hand of the Philistines may be upon him. And Saul said to David, Thou shalt this day be my son-in-law a second time.
18:22And Saul commanded his servants, Speak with David secretly, saying, Behold, the king has delight in thee, and all his servants love thee: now therefore be the king's son-in-law.
18:23And Saul's servants spoke those words in the ears of David. And David said, Is it a light thing in your eyes to be the king's son-in-law, seeing that I am a poor man, and lightly esteemed?
18:24And the servants of Saul told him, saying, On this manner did David speak.
18:25And Saul said, Thus shall ye say to David: The king does not desire any dowry, but a hundred foreskins of the Philistines, to be avenged of the king's enemies. But Saul thought to make David fall by the hand of the Philistines.
18:26And his servants told David these words; and the thing was right in David's sight to be the king's son-in-law. And the days were not expired,
18:27when David arose and went, he and his men, and smote of the Philistines two hundred men; and David brought their foreskins, and they delivered them in full to the king, that he might be the king's son-in-law. And Saul gave him Michal his daughter as wife.
18:28And Saul saw and knew that Jehovah was with David; and Michal Saul's daughter loved him.
18:29And Saul was yet the more afraid of David; and Saul was David's enemy continually.
19:1And Saul spoke to Jonathan his son, and to all his servants, that they should slay David.
19:2But Jonathan Saul's son delighted much in David. And Jonathan told David, saying, Saul my father seeks to kill thee; and now, I pray thee, take heed to thyself in the morning, and abide in a secret place and hide thyself;
19:3and I will go out and stand beside my father in the field where thou art, and will speak of thee with my father: and see what it is, and tell thee.
19:4And Jonathan spoke good of David to Saul his father, and said to him, Let not the king sin against his servant, against David, because he has not sinned against thee; for also what he did was very advantageous to thee;
19:5for he put his life in hand, and smote the Philistine, and Jehovah wrought a great salvation for all Israel: thou didst see it, and didst rejoice; why then wilt thou sin against innocent blood, in slaying David without cause?
19:6And Saul hearkened to the voice of Jonathan, and Saul swore, As Jehovah liveth, he shall not be put to death!
19:7Then Jonathan called David, and Jonathan declared to him all those things. And Jonathan brought David to Saul, and he was in his presence as previously.
19:8And there was war again; and David went forth and fought with the Philistines, and smote them with a great slaughter; and they fled before him.
19:9And an evil spirit from Jehovah was upon Saul. And he sat in his house with his spear in his hand; and David played with his hand.
19:10And Saul sought to smite David and the wall with the spear; but he slipped away out of Saul's presence, and he smote the spear into the wall. And David fled, and escaped that night.
19:11And Saul sent messengers to David's house, to watch him, and to slay him in the morning; and Michal David's wife told him, saying, If thou save not thy life to-night, to-morrow thou wilt be put to death.
19:12And Michal let David down through a window; and he went, and fled and escaped.
19:14And Saul sent messengers to take David, and she said, He is sick.
19:15And Saul sent the messengers to see David, saying, Bring him up to me in the bed, that I may put him to death.
19:16And the messengers came in, and behold, the image was in the bed, and the net of goats' hair at its head.
19:17Then Saul said to Michal, Why hast thou deceived me so, and sent away mine enemy, that he is escaped? And Michal said to Saul, He said to me, Let me go; why should I slay thee?
19:18And David fled, and escaped, and came to Samuel to Ramah, and told him all that Saul had done to him. And he and Samuel went and dwelt in Naioth.
19:19And it was told Saul, saying, Behold, David is at Naioth by Ramah.
19:20Then Saul sent messengers to take David; and they saw a company of prophets prophesying, and Samuel standing as president over them; and the Spirit of God came upon the messengers of Saul, and they also prophesied.
19:21And it was told Saul, and he sent other messengers, and they also prophesied. And Saul sent messengers again the third time, and they also prophesied.
19:22Then went he also to Ramah, and came to the great well that is in Sechu; and he asked and said, Where are Samuel and David? And one said, Behold, at Naioth by Ramah.
19:23And he went thither to Naioth by Ramah; and the Spirit of God came upon him also, and he went on, and prophesied, until he came to Naioth by Ramah.
19:24And he himself also stripped off his clothes, and prophesied, himself also, before Samuel, and lay down naked all that day and all that night. Wherefore they say, Is Saul also among the prophets?
20:1And David fled from Naioth by Ramah, and came and said before Jonathan, What have I done? what is mine iniquity, and what is my sin before thy father, that he seeks my life?
20:2And he said to him, God forbid; thou shalt not die: behold, my father will do nothing either great or small, and not apprise me; and why should my father hide this thing from me? it is not so.
20:3And David swore again and again, and said, Thy father certainly knows that I have found favour in thy sight: and he has thought, Jonathan shall not know this, lest he be grieved; but truly as Jehovah liveth, and as thy soul liveth, there is but a step between me and death.
20:4And Jonathan said to David, What thy soul may say, I will even do it for thee.
20:5And David said to Jonathan, Behold, to-morrow is new moon, and I should not fail to sit with the king at meat; but let me go, that I may hide myself in the field until the third evening.
20:6If thy father should actually miss me, then say, David earnestly asked leave of me that he might run to Bethlehem his city; for there is a yearly sacrifice there for all the family.
20:7If he say thus, It is well, -- thy servant shall have peace; but if he be very wroth, be sure that evil is determined by him.
20:8Deal kindly then with thy servant; for thou hast brought thy servant into a covenant of Jehovah with thee; but if there be in me iniquity, slay me thyself; for why shouldest thou bring me to thy father?
20:9And Jonathan said, Far be it from thee; for, if I knew with certainty that evil were determined by my father to come upon thee, would I not tell it thee?
20:10Then said David to Jonathan, Who shall tell me? or what if thy father answer thee roughly?
20:11And Jonathan said to David, Come and let us go out into the field. And they went out both of them into the field.
20:12And Jonathan said to David, Jehovah, God of Israel, when I sound my father about this time to-morrow, or the next day, and behold, there be good toward David, and I then send not to thee, and apprise thee of it,
20:13Jehovah do so and much more to Jonathan. Should it please my father to do thee evil, then I will apprise thee of it, and send thee away, that thou mayest go in peace; and Jehovah be with thee, as he has been with my father.
20:14And thou shalt not only while yet I live shew me the kindness of Jehovah, that I die not,
20:15but thou shalt not cut off thy kindness from my house for ever, no, not when Jehovah cuts off the enemies of David, every one from the face of the earth.
20:16And Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, Let Jehovah even require it at the hand of David's enemies!
20:17And Jonathan caused David to swear again, by the love he had for him, for he loved him as he loved his own soul.
20:18And Jonathan said to him, To-morrow is the new moon; and thou wilt be missed, for thy seat will be empty;
20:20And I will shoot three arrows on the side of it, as though I shot at a mark.
20:21And behold, I will send the lad, saying, Go, find the arrows. If I expressly say to the lad, Behold, the arrows are on this side of thee, take them; then come, for there is peace for thee, and it is nothing; as Jehovah liveth.
20:22But if I say thus to the youth: Behold, the arrows are beyond thee, -- go thy way; for Jehovah sends thee away.
20:23And as to the matter which thou and I have spoken of, behold, Jehovah is between me and thee for ever.
20:24And David hid himself in the field; and it was the new moon, and the king sat at table to eat.
20:25And the king sat on his seat, as at other times, on the seat by the wall; and Jonathan arose, and Abner sat by Saul's side, and David's place was empty.
20:26And Saul said nothing that day; for he thought, Something has befallen him, that he is not clean: surely he is not clean.
20:27And it came to pass the next day after the new moon, the second day of the month, as David's place was empty, that Saul said to Jonathan his son, Why has not the son of Jesse come to table, neither yesterday nor to-day?
20:28And Jonathan answered Saul, David earnestly asked leave of me to go to Bethlehem,
20:29and said, Let me go, I pray thee; for we have a family sacrifice in the city; and my brother himself has commanded me to be there; and now, if I have found favour in thy sight, let me go away, I pray thee, and see my brethren. He has therefore not come to the king's table.
20:30And Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said to him, Son of the perverse rebellious woman, do not I know that thou hast chosen the son of Jesse to thine own shame and to the shame of thy mother's nakedness?
20:31For as long as the son of Jesse lives upon earth, thou shalt not be established, nor thy kingdom. And now send and fetch him to me, for he must die.
20:32And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said to him, Why should he be put to death? what has he done?
20:33Then Saul cast the spear at him to smite him; and Jonathan knew that it was determined by his father to put David to death.
20:34And Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger, and ate no meat the second day of the new moon; for he was grieved for David, because his father had done him shame.
20:35And it came to pass in the morning that Jonathan went out into the field, to the place agreed on with David, and a little lad with him.
20:36And he said to his lad, Run, find now the arrows which I shoot. The lad ran, and he shot the arrow beyond him.
20:37And when the lad came to the place of the arrow which Jonathan had shot, Jonathan cried after the lad and said, Is not the arrow away beyond thee?
20:38And Jonathan cried after the lad, Make speed, haste, stay not! And Jonathan's lad gathered up the arrows, and came to his master.
20:39And the lad knew nothing: only Jonathan and David knew the matter.
20:40And Jonathan gave his weapons to his lad, and said to him, Go, carry them to the city.
20:41The lad went, and David arose from the side of the south, and fell on his face to the ground, and bowed himself three times; and they kissed one another, and wept one with another, until David exceeded.
20:42And Jonathan said to David, Go in peace, forasmuch as we have both of us sworn in the name of Jehovah, saying, Jehovah be between me and thee, and between my seed and thy seed for ever! And he arose and departed; and Jonathan went into the city.