1:1Paul, bondman of Jesus Christ, a called apostle, separated to God's glad tidings,
1:2(which he had before promised by his prophets in holy writings,)
1:3concerning his Son (come of David's seed according to flesh,
1:5by whom we have received grace and apostleship in behalf of his name, for obedience of faith among all the nations,
1:6among whom are *ye* also the called of Jesus Christ:
1:7to all that are in Rome, beloved of God, called saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father and our Lord Jesus Christ.
1:8First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, that your faith is proclaimed in the whole world.
1:9For God is my witness, whom I serve in my spirit in the glad tidings of his Son, how unceasingly I make mention of you,
1:10always beseeching at my prayers, if any way now at least I may be prospered by the will of God to come to you.
1:11For I greatly desire to see you, that I may impart to you some spiritual gift to establish you;
1:12that is, to have mutual comfort among you, each by the faith which is in the other, both yours and mine.
1:13But I do not wish you to be ignorant, brethren, that I often proposed to come to you, (and have been hindered until the present time,) that I might have some fruit among you too, even as among the other nations also.
1:14I am a debtor both to Greeks and barbarians, both to wise and unintelligent:
1:15so, as far as depends on me, am I ready to announce the glad tidings to you also who are in Rome.
1:16For I am not ashamed of the glad tidings; for it is God's power to salvation, to every one that believes, both to Jew first and to Greek:
1:18For there is revealed wrath of God from heaven upon all impiety, and unrighteousness of men holding the truth in unrighteousness.
1:19Because what is known of God is manifest among them, for God has manifested it to them,
1:20-- for from the world's creation the invisible things of him are perceived, being apprehended by the mind through the things that are made, both his eternal power and divinity, -- so as to render them inexcusable.
1:22professing themselves to be wise, they became fools,
1:23and changed the glory of the incorruptible God into the likeness of an image of corruptible man and of birds and quadrupeds and reptiles.
1:24Wherefore God gave them up also in the lusts of their hearts to uncleanness, to dishonour their bodies between themselves:
1:25who changed the truth of God into falsehood, and honoured and served the creature more than him who had created it, who is blessed for ever. Amen.
1:26For this reason God gave them up to vile lusts; for both their females changed the natural use into that contrary to nature;
1:27and in like manner the males also, leaving the natural use of the female, were inflamed in their lust towards one another; males with males working shame, and receiving in themselves the recompense of their error which was fit.
1:29being filled with all unrighteousness, wickedness, covetousness, malice; full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, evil dispositions; whisperers,
1:30back-biters, hateful to God, insolent, proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents,
1:31void of understanding, faithless, without natural affection, unmerciful;
2:1Therefore thou art inexcusable, O man, every one who judgest, for in that in which thou judgest another, thou condemnest thyself; for thou that judgest doest the same things.
2:2But we know that the judgment of God is according to truth upon those who do such things.
2:3And thinkest thou this, O man, who judgest those that do such things, and practisest them thyself, that *thou* shalt escape the judgment of God?
2:4or despisest thou the riches of his goodness, and forbearance, and long-suffering, not knowing that the goodness of God leads thee to repentance?
2:5but, according to thy hardness and impenitent heart, treasurest up to thyself wrath, in the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God,
2:6who shall render to each according to his works:
2:8But to those that are contentious, and are disobedient to the truth, but obey unrighteousness, there shall be wrath and indignation,
2:9tribulation and distress, on every soul of man that works evil, both of Jew first, and of Greek;
2:10but glory and honour and peace to every one that works good, both to Jew first and to Greek:
2:11for there is no acceptance of persons with God.
2:12For as many as have sinned without law shall perish also without law; and as many as have sinned under law shall be judged by law,
2:13(for not the hearers of the law are just before God, but the doers of the law shall be justified.
2:14For when those of the nations, which have no law, practise by nature the things of the law, these, having no law, are a law to themselves;
2:16in the day when God shall judge the secrets of men, according to my glad tidings, by Jesus Christ.
2:17But if *thou* art named a Jew, and restest in the law, and makest thy boast in God,
2:18and knowest the will, and discerningly approvest the things that are more excellent, being instructed out of the law;
2:19and hast confidence that thou thyself art a leader of the blind, a light of those who are in darkness,
2:20an instructor of the foolish, a teacher of babes, having the form of knowledge and of truth in the law:
2:21thou then that teachest another, dost thou not teach thyself? thou that preachest not to steal, dost thou steal?
2:22thou that sayest man should not commit adultery, dost thou commit adultery? thou that abhorrest idols, dost thou commit sacrilege?
2:23thou who boastest in law, dost thou by transgression of the law dishonour God?
2:24For the name of God is blasphemed on your account among the nations, according as it is written.
2:25For circumcision indeed profits if thou keep the law; but if thou be a law-transgressor, thy circumcision is become uncircumcision.
2:27and uncircumcision by nature, fulfilling the law, judge thee, who, with letter and circumcision, art a law-transgressor?
2:28For he is not a Jew who is one outwardly, neither that circumcision which is outward in flesh;
2:29but he is a Jew who is so inwardly; and circumcision, of the heart, in spirit, not in letter; whose praise is not of men, but of God.
3:1What then is the superiority of the Jew? or what the profit of circumcision?
3:2Much every way: and first, indeed, that to them were entrusted the oracles of God.
3:3For what? if some have not believed, shall their unbelief make the faith of God of none effect?
3:4Far be the thought: but let God be true, and every man false; according as it is written, So that thou shouldest be justified in thy words, and shouldest overcome when thou art in judgment.
3:5But if our unrighteousness commend God's righteousness, what shall we say? Is God unrighteous who inflicts wrath? I speak according to man.
3:6Far be the thought: since how shall God judge the world?
3:7For if the truth of God, in my lie, has more abounded to his glory, why yet am *I* also judged as a sinner?
3:8and not, according as we are injuriously charged, and according as some affirm that we say, Let us practise evil things, that good ones may come? whose judgment is just.
3:9What then? are we better? No, in no wise: for we have before charged both Jews and Greeks with being all under sin:
3:10according as it is written, There is not a righteous man, not even one;
3:11there is not the man that understands, there is not one that seeks after God.
3:12All have gone out of the way, they have together become unprofitable; there is not one that practises goodness, there is not so much as one:
3:14whose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness;
3:15swift their feet to shed blood;
3:16ruin and misery are in their ways,
3:17and way of peace they have not known:
3:18there is no fear of God before their eyes.
3:20Wherefore by works of law no flesh shall be justified before him; for by law is knowledge of sin.
3:22righteousness of God by faith of Jesus Christ towards all, and upon all those who believe: for there is no difference;
3:23for all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;
3:24being justified freely by his grace through the redemption which is in Christ Jesus;
3:25whom God has set forth a mercy-seat, through faith in his blood, for the shewing forth of his righteousness, in respect of the passing by the sins that had taken place before, through the forbearance of God;
3:26for the shewing forth of his righteousness in the present time, so that he should be just, and justify him that is of the faith of Jesus.
3:27Where then is boasting? It has been excluded. By what law? of works? Nay, but by law of faith;
3:28for we reckon that a man is justified by faith, without works of law.
3:29Is God the God of Jews only? is he not of the nations also? Yea, of nations also:
3:30since indeed it is one God who shall justify the circumcision on the principle of faith, and uncircumcision by faith.
3:31Do we then make void law by faith? Far be the thought: no, but we establish law.
4:1What shall we say then that Abraham our father according to flesh has found?
4:2For if Abraham has been justified on the principle of works, he has whereof to boast: but not before God;
4:4Now to him that works the reward is not reckoned as of grace, but of debt:
4:5but to him who does not work, but believes on him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is reckoned as righteousness.
4:7Blessed they whose lawlessnesses have been forgiven, and whose sins have been covered:
4:8blessed the man to whom the Lord shall not at all reckon sin.
4:9Does this blessedness then rest on the circumcision, or also on the uncircumcision? For we say that faith has been reckoned to Abraham as righteousness.
4:10How then has it been reckoned? when he was in circumcision, or in uncircumcision? Not in circumcision, but in uncircumcision.
4:11And he received the sign of circumcision as seal of the righteousness of faith which he had being in uncircumcision, that he might be the father of all them that believe being in uncircumcision, that righteousness might be reckoned to them also;
4:12and father of circumcision, not only to those who are of the circumcision, but to those also who walk in the steps of the faith, during uncircumcision, of our father Abraham.
4:13For it was not by law that the promise was to Abraham, or to his seed, that he should be heir of the world, but by righteousness of faith.
4:14For if they which are of law be heirs, faith is made vain, and the promise made of no effect.
4:15For law works wrath; but where no law is neither is there transgression.
4:16Therefore it is on the principle of faith, that it might be according to grace, in order to the promise being sure to all the seed, not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of Abraham's faith, who is father of us all,
4:17(according as it is written, I have made thee father of many nations,) before the God whom he believed, who quickens the dead, and calls the things which be not as being;
4:19and not being weak in faith, he considered not his own body already become dead, being about a hundred years old, and the deadening of Sarah's womb,
4:20and hesitated not at the promise of God through unbelief; but found strength in faith, giving glory to God;
4:21and being fully persuaded that what he has promised he is able also to do;
4:22wherefore also it was reckoned to him as righteousness.
4:23Now it was not written on his account alone that it was reckoned to him,
4:24but on ours also, to whom, believing on him who has raised from among the dead Jesus our Lord,
4:25who has been delivered for our offences and has been raised for our justification, it will be reckoned.