18:1¤ And when Jethro the priest of Madian, the kinsman of Moses, had heard all the things that God had done to Moses, and to Israel his people, and that the Lord had brought forth Israel out of Egypt:
18:2He took Sephora, the wife of Moses, whom he had sent back:
18:3And her two sons, of whom one was called Gersam: his father saying, I have been a stranger in a foreign country.
18:4And the other Eliezer: For the God of my father, said he, is my helper, and hath delivered me from the sword of Pharao.
18:5And Jethro, the kinsman of Moses, came with his sons, and his wife to Moses into the desert, where he was camped by the mountain of God.
18:6And he sent word to Moses, saying: I Jethro, thy kinsman, come to thee, and thy wife, and thy two sons with her.
18:7And he went out to meet his kinsman, and worshipped and kissed him: and they saluted one another with words of peace. And when he was come into the tent,
18:8Moses told his kinsman all that the Lord had done to Pharao, and the Egyptians in favour of Israel: and all the labour which had befallen them in the journey, and that the Lord had delivered them.
18:9And Jethro rejoiced for all the good things that the Lord had done to Israel, because he had delivered them out of the hands of the Egyptians.
18:10And he said: Blessed is the Lord, who hath delivered you out of the hand of Pharao, and out of the hand of the Egyptians, who hath delivered his people out of the hand of Egypt.
18:11Now I know, that the Lord is great above all gods; because they dealt proudly against them.
18:12So Jethro, the kinsman of Moses, offered holocausts and sacrifices to God: and Aaron and all the ancients of Israel came, to eat bread with him before God.
18:13And the next day Moses sat to judge the people, who stood by Moses from morning until night.
18:14And when his kinsman had seen all things that he did among the people, he said: What is it that thou dost among the people? Why sittest thou alone, and all the people wait from morning till night?
18:15And Moses answered him: The people come to me to seek the judgment of God?
18:16And when any controversy falleth out among them, they come to me to judge between them, and to shew the precepts of God, and his laws.
18:17But he said: The thing thou dost is not good.
18:18Thou art spent with foolish labour, both thou, and this people that is with thee; the business is above thy strength, thou alone canst not bear it.
18:19But hear my words and counsels, and God shall be with thee. Be thou to the people in those things that pertain to God, to bring their words to him:
18:20And to shew the people the ceremonies, and the manner of worshipping; and the way wherein they ought to walk, and the work that they ought to do.
18:21And provide out of all the people able men, such as fear God, in whom there is truth, and that hate avarice, and appoint of them rulers of thousands, and of hundreds, and of fifties, and of tens,
18:22Who may judge the people at all times: and when any great matter soever shall fall out, let them refer it to thee, and let them judge the lesser matters only: that so it may be lighter for thee, the burden being shared out unto others.
18:23If thou dost this, thou shalt fulfil the commandment of God, and shalt be able to bear his precepts: and all this people shall return to their places with peace.
18:24And when Moses heard this, he did all things that he had suggested unto him.
18:25And choosing able men out of all Israel, he appointed them rulers of the people, rulers over thousands, and over hundreds, and over fifties, and over tens.
18:26And they judged the people at all times: and whatsoever was of greater difficulty they referred to him, and they judged the easier cases only.
18:27And he let his kinsman depart: and he returned and went into his own country.
19:1¤ In the third month of the departure of Israel out of the land of Egypt, on this day they came into the wilderness of Sinai:
19:2For departing out of Raphidim, and coming to the desert of Sinai, they camped in the same place, and there Israel pitched their tents over against the mountain.
19:3And Moses went up to God; and the Lord called unto him from the mountain, and said: Thus shalt thou say to the house of Jacob, and tell the children of Israel:
19:4You have seen what I have done to the Egyptians, how I have carried you upon the wings of eagles, and have taken you to myself.
19:5If therefore you will hear my voice, and keep my covenant, you shall be my peculiar possession above all people: for all the earth is mine.
19:6And you shall be to me a priestly kingdom, and a holy nation. These are the words thou shalt speak to the children of Israel.
19:7Moses came; and calling together the elders of the people, he declared all the words which the Lord had commanded.
19:8And all the people answered together: All that the Lord hath spoken, we will do. And when Moses had related the people's words to the Lord,
19:9The Lord said to him: Lo, now will I come to thee in the darkness of a cloud, that the people may hear me speaking to thee, and may believe thee for ever. And Moses told the words of the people to the Lord.
19:10And he said to him: Go to the people, and sanctify them to day, and to morrow, and let them wash their garments.
19:11And let them be ready against the third day; for on the third day the Lord will come down in the sight of all the people, upon Mount Sinai.
19:12And thou shalt appoint certain limits to the people round about, and thou shalt say to them: Take heed ye go not up into the mount, and that ye touch not the borders thereof: every one that toucheth the mount, dying he shall die.
19:13No hands shall touch him, but he shall be stoned to death, or he shall be shot through with arrows: whether it be beast, or man, he shall not live. When the trumpet shall begin to sound, then let them go up into the mount.
19:14And Moses came down from the mount to the people, and sanctified them. And when they had washed their garments,
19:15He said to them: Be ready against the third day, and come not near your wives.
19:16And now the third day was come, and the morning appeared: and behold thunders began to be heard, and lightning to flash, and a very thick cloud to cover the mount, and the noise of the trumpet sounded exceeding loud; and the people that was in the camp, feared.
19:17And when Moses had brought them forth to meet God, from the place of the camp, they stood at the bottom of the mount.
19:18And all Mount Sinai was on a smoke: because the Lord was come down upon it in fire, and the smoke arose from it as out of a furnace: and all the mount was terrible.
19:19And the sound of the trumpet grew by degrees louder and louder, and was drawn out to a greater length: Moses spoke, and God answered him.
19:20And the Lord came down upon Mount Sinai, in the very top of the mount, and he called Moses unto the top thereof. And when he was gone up thither,
19:21He said unto him: Go down, and charge the people; lest they should have a mind to pass the limits to see the Lord, and a very great multitude of them should perish.
19:22The priests also that come to the Lord, let them be sanctified, lest he strike them.
19:23And Moses said to the Lord: The people cannot come up to Mount Sinai: for thou didst charge, and command, saying: Set limits about the mount, and sanctify it.
19:24And the Lord said to him: Go, get thee down; and thou shalt come up, thou and Aaron with thee: but let not the priests and the people pass the limits, nor come up to the Lord, lest he kill them.
19:25And Moses went down to the people and told them all.
20:1¤ And the Lord spoke all these words:
20:2I am the Lord thy God, who brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.
20:3Thou shalt not have strange gods before me.
20:4Thou shalt not make to thyself a graven thing, nor the likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or in the earth beneath, nor of those things that are in the waters under the earth.
20:5Thou shalt not adore them, nor serve them: I am the Lord thy God, mighty, jealous, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me:
20:6And shewing mercy unto thousands to them that love me, and keep my commandments.
20:7Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain: for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that shall take the name of the Lord his God in vain.
20:8Remember that thou keep holy the sabbath day.
20:9Six days shalt thou labour, and shalt do all thy works.
20:10But on the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God: thou shalt do no work on it, thou nor thy son, nor thy daughter, nor thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy beast, nor the stranger that is within thy gates.
20:11For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, and the sea, and all things that are in them, and rested on the seventh day: therefore the Lord blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it.
20:12Honour thy father and thy mother, that thou mayst be longlived upon the land which the Lord thy God will give thee.
20:13Thou shalt not kill.
20:14Thou shalt not commit adultery.
20:15Thou shalt not steal.
20:16Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.
20:17Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house; neither shalt thou desire his wife, nor his servant, nor his handmaid, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is his.
20:18And all the people saw the voices and the flames, and the sound of the trumpet, and the mount smoking; and being terrified and struck with fear, they stood afar off,
20:19Saying to Moses: Speak thou to us, and we will hear: let not the Lord speak to us, lest we die.
20:20And Moses said to the people: Fear not; for God is come to prove you, and that the dread of him might be in you, and you should not sin.
20:21And the people stood afar off. But Moses went to the dark cloud wherein God was.
20:22And the Lord said to Moses: Thus shalt thou say to the children of Israel: You have seen that I have spoken to you from heaven.
20:23You shall not make gods of silver, nor shall you make to yourselves gods of gold.
20:24You shall make an altar of earth unto me, and you shall offer upon it your holocausts and peace offerings, your sheep and oxen, in every place where the memory of my name shall be: I will come to thee, and will bless thee.
20:25And if thou make an altar of stone unto me, thou shalt not build it of hewn stones; for if thou lift up a tool upon it, it shall be defiled.
20:26Thou shalt not go up by steps unto my altar, lest thy nakedness be discovered.