1:1Words of a preacher, son of David, king in Jerusalem:
1:2Vanity of vanities, said the Preacher, Vanity of vanities: the whole is vanity.
1:3What advantage is to man by all his labour that he laboureth at under the sun?
1:4A generation is going, and a generation is coming, and the earth to the age is standing.
1:5Also, the sun hath risen, and the sun hath gone in, and unto its place panting it is rising there.
1:6Going unto the south, and turning round unto the north, turning round, turning round, the wind is going, and by its circuits the wind hath returned.
1:7All the streams are going unto the sea, and the sea is not full; unto a place whither the streams are going, thither they are turning back to go.
1:8All these things are wearying; a man is not able to speak, the eye is not satisfied by seeing, nor filled is the ear from hearing.
1:9What is that which hath been? it is that which is, and what is that which hath been done? it is that which is done, and there is not an entirely new thing under the sun.
1:10There is a thing of which one saith: `See this, it is new!' already it hath been in the ages that were before us!
1:11There is not a remembrance of former generations; and also of the latter that are, there is no remembrance of them with those that are at the last.
1:12I, a preacher, have been king over Israel in Jerusalem.
1:13And I have given my heart to seek and to search out by wisdom concerning all that hath been done under the heavens. It is a sad travail God hath given to the sons of man to be humbled by it.
1:14I have seen all the works that have been done under the sun, and lo, the whole is vanity and vexation of spirit!
1:15A crooked thing one is not able to make straight, and a lacking thing is not able to be numbered.
1:16I -- I spake with my heart, saying, `I, lo, I have magnified and added wisdom above every one who hath been before me at Jerusalem, and my heart hath seen abundantly wisdom and knowledge.
1:17And I give my heart to know wisdom, and to know madness and folly: I have known that even this is vexation of spirit;
1:18for, in abundance of wisdom is abundance of sadness, and he who addeth knowledge addeth pain.'
2:1I said in my heart, `Pray, come, I try thee with mirth, and look thou on gladness;' and lo, even it is vanity.
2:2Of laughter I said, `Foolish!' and of mirth, `What is this it is doing?'
2:3I have sought in my heart to draw out with wine my appetite, (and my heart leading in wisdom), and to take hold on folly till that I see where is this -- the good to the sons of man of that which they do under the heavens, the number of the days of their lives.
2:4I made great my works, I builded for me houses, I planted for me vineyards.
2:5I made for me gardens and paradises, and I planted in them trees of every fruit.
2:6I made for me pools of water, to water from them a forest shooting forth trees.
2:7I got men-servants, and maid-servants, and sons of the house were to me; also, I had much substance -- herd and flock -- above all who had been before me in Jerusalem.
2:8I gathered for me also silver and gold, and the peculiar treasure of kings and of the provinces. I prepared for me men-singers and women-singers, and the luxuries of the sons of man -- a wife and wives.
2:9And I became great, and increased above every one who had been before me in Jerusalem; also, my wisdom stood with me.
2:10And all that mine eyes asked I kept not back from them; I withheld not my heart from any joy, for my heart rejoiced because of all my labour, and this hath been my portion, from all my labour,
2:11and I have looked on all my works that my hands have done, and on the labour that I have laboured to do, and lo, the whole is vanity and vexation of spirit, and there is no advantage under the sun!
2:12And I turned to see wisdom, and madness, and folly, but what is the man who cometh after the king? that which is already -- they have done it!
2:13And I saw that there is an advantage to wisdom above folly, like the advantage of the light above the darkness.
2:14The wise! -- his eyes are in his head, and the fool in darkness is walking, and I also knew that one event happeneth with them all;
2:15and I said in my heart, `As it happeneth with the fool, it happeneth also with me, and why am I then more wise?' And I spake in my heart, that also this is vanity:
2:16That there is no remembrance to the wise -- with the fool -- to the age, for that which is already, in the days that are coming is all forgotten, and how dieth the wise? with the fool!
2:17And I have hated life, for sad to me is the work that hath been done under the sun, for the whole is vanity and vexation of spirit.
2:18And I have hated all my labour that I labour at under the sun, because I leave it to a man who is after me.
2:19And who knoweth whether he is wise or foolish? yet he doth rule over all my labour that I have laboured at, and that I have done wisely under the sun! this also is vanity.
2:20And I turned round to cause my heart to despair concerning all the labour that I laboured at under the sun.
2:21For there is a man whose labour is in wisdom, and in knowledge, and in equity, and to a man who hath not laboured therein he giveth it -- his portion! Even this is vanity and a great evil.
2:22For what hath been to a man by all his labour, and by the thought of his heart that he laboured at under the sun?
2:23For all his days are sorrows, and his travail sadness; even at night his heart hath not lain down; this also is vanity.
2:24There is nothing good in a man who eateth, and hath drunk, and hath shewn his soul good in his labour. This also I have seen that it is from the hand of God.
2:25For who eateth and who hasteth out more than I?
2:26For to a man who is good before Him, He hath given wisdom, and knowledge, and joy; and to a sinner He hath given travail, to gather and to heap up, to give to the good before God. Even this is vanity and vexation of spirit.
3:1To everything -- a season, and a time to every delight under the heavens:
3:2A time to bring forth, And a time to die. A time to plant, And a time to eradicate the planted.
3:3A time to slay, And a time to heal, A time to break down, And a time to build up.
3:4A time to weep, And a time to laugh. A time to mourn, And a time to skip.
3:5A time to cast away stones, And a time to heap up stones. A time to embrace, And a time to be far from embracing.
3:6A time to seek, And a time to destroy. A time to keep, And a time to cast away.
3:7A time to rend, And a time to sew. A time to be silent, And a time to speak.
3:8A time to love, And a time to hate. A time of war, And a time of peace.
3:9What advantage hath the doer in that which he is labouring at?
3:10I have seen the travail that God hath given to the sons of man to be humbled by it.
3:11The whole He hath made beautiful in its season; also, that knowledge He hath put in their heart without which man findeth not out the work that God hath done from the beginning even unto the end.
3:12I have known that there is no good for them except to rejoice and to do good during their life,
3:13yea, even every man who eateth and hath drunk and seen good by all his labour, it is a gift of God.
3:14I have known that all that God doth is to the age, to it nothing is to be added, and from it nothing is to be withdrawn; and God hath wrought that they do fear before Him.
3:15What is that which hath been? already it is, and that which is to be hath already been, and God requireth that which is pursued.
3:16And again, I have seen under the sun the place of judgment -- there is the wicked; and the place of righteousness -- there is the wicked.
3:17I said in my heart, `The righteous and the wicked doth God judge, for a time is to every matter and for every work there.'
3:18I said in my heart concerning the matter of the sons of man that God might cleanse them, so as to see that they themselves are beasts.
3:19For an event is to the sons of man, and an event is to the beasts, even one event is to them; as the death of this, so is the death of that; and one spirit is to all, and the advantage of man above the beast is nothing, for the whole is vanity.
3:20The whole are going unto one place, the whole have been from the dust, and the whole are turning back unto the dust.
3:21Who knoweth the spirit of the sons of man that is going up on high, and the spirit of the beast that is going down below to the earth?
3:22And I have seen that there is nothing better than that man rejoice in his works, for it is his portion; for who doth bring him in to look on that which is after him?