In the law of Moses there are special regulations as to the animals to be used for food (Lev. 11; Dt. 14:3-21). The Jews were also forbidden to use as food anything that had been consecrated to idols (Ex. 34:15), or animals that had died of disease or had been torn by wild beasts (Ex. 22:31; Lev. 22:8). (See also for other restrictions Ex. 23:19, 29:13-22; Lev. 3:4-9, 9:18,19, 22:8; Dt. 14:21.) But beyond these restrictions they had a large grant from God (Dt. 14:26, 32:13,14).
Food was prepared for use in various ways. The cereals were sometimes eaten without any preparation (Lev. 23:14; Dt. 23:25; 2 Ki. 4:42). Vegetables were cooked by boiling (Gen. 25:30, 34; 2 Ki. 4:38,39), and thus also other articles of food were prepared for use (Gen. 27:4; Pr. 23:3; Ezek. 24:10; Lk. 24:42; Jn. 21:9). Food was also prepared by roasting (Ex. 12:8; Lev. 2:14).